Happy Double Ten Day!
By DS, Oct 9 2015 05:07PM
Happy Double Ten Day everyone.
Yes that’s right it’s another public holiday here, hot on the heels of Moon Festival. This one however is only marked here in Taiwan as it is the national day of the Republic of China.
On this day, October 10th (10/10, hence Double Ten), in 1911, the Wuchang Uprising took place in Wuchang, Hubei Province, in China. It began over the mishandling by the Government of a railway crisis which led to revolutionaries taking a stand against Qing government officials. The New Army, a modernised Army Corp, which had already been infiltrated with anti-Qing allied individuals staged a mutiny and then assisted in a coup against the authorities.
This in turn led to the establishment of a military government in Hubei Province and they quickly called on other provinces to join them in revolution, and declared the new Republic of China. The Xinhai Revolution was underway and 15 provinces in southern and central China quickly joined Hubei.
Much fighting and diplomacy took place after the Wuchang Uprising, but those 16 provinces declared the formal founding of the Republic of China on 1st January 1912.
Dr Sun Yat-sen, then in exile for leading an anti-Qing group, was declared the first President, but it was not until February 12th that the last Qing Emperor, Puyi, stood down and China’s Imperial era finally came to an end.
After the Chinese Civil War which saw Communists seize power in mainland China, the Republic of China government was driven to Taiwan where they have been ever since. Double Ten day is therefore only really celebrated here in Taiwan, although it is also marked by various Taiwanese and Chinese ex-pat communities around the world.
Unusually in this part of the world, Double Ten Day is not marked by the eating of any particular foods.
There is usually a series of military events, which special anniversaries being marked with a full Military Parade in the capital, Taipei. People have a day off work, but that is pretty much it.
In a country where most workers receive a shockingly small amount of annual leave, this seems to be good enough however!